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Detect Debugger Connected To STM32L0 ?

Andrew Neil
Evangelist III
Posted on December 13, 2017 at 17:32

In Cortex-M3, M4, etc, we can just check the DEBUGEN bit in DHCSR (the Debug Halting Control and Status Register)

http://infocenter.arm.com/help/index.jsp?topic=/com.arm.doc.ddi0337e/CEGCJAHJ.html

But in Cortex-M

0

, that register is not accessible to the user code.

:(

So - is there any other way on an STM32L0 to detect when the debugger is connected?

#stm32l0 #debug
1 ACCEPTED SOLUTION

Accepted Solutions
Posted on December 13, 2017 at 19:31

So digging a bit, BKPT instruction causes a Hard Fault when the debugger is not attached, and this is exploitable

Googling pulled this interesting thread, which has usable information

https://community.nxp.com/thread/424925

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View solution in original post

11 REPLIES 11
Uwe Bonnes
Principal II
Posted on December 13, 2017 at 17:37

Most debug session will set at least DBG_CR_SLEEP

Posted on December 13, 2017 at 17:57

Arguably a CM0+ r0p1

I would look at the DBGMCU clocks and the bits in the DBG registers at 0x40015800..0x4001580F

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Posted on December 13, 2017 at 18:21

Turvey.Clive.002 wrote:

I would look at ... the bits in the DBG registers at 0x40015800..0x4001580F

But those are the bits I'd be looking to set depending on whether the debugger was connected or not!

Something along the lines of:

if( debugger_connected() )

{

   HAL_DBGMCU_EnableDBGStopMode( );

Without that, The ST-Link Utility seems to lose connection during STOP even with 'Enble debug in Low power mode' checked.

But Keil seems fine with it

Posted on December 13, 2017 at 18:33

Hmmm ....

Keil says that RCC_APB2SMENR.DBGSMEN is set, but RCC_APB2ENR.DBGEN is not set!

So it thinks the DBG clock is enabled during Sleep mode, but not otherwise?!

It does say that DBG_STANDBY, DBG_STOP, and DBG_SLEEP are all set in DBG_CR.

Posted on December 13, 2017 at 18:41

Sometimes the debugger sets things up, I'm looking for side-effects that can be seen. That's not working, so now I have a dog in the race I'll dig a little deeper

Prior discussion

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Posted on December 13, 2017 at 18:44

Clive One wrote:

Prior discussion

https://community.st.com/0D50X00009XkeTOSAZ

Yes, I've just seen that - and linked here!

Posted on December 13, 2017 at 19:31

So digging a bit, BKPT instruction causes a Hard Fault when the debugger is not attached, and this is exploitable

Googling pulled this interesting thread, which has usable information

https://community.nxp.com/thread/424925

Tips, Buy me a coffee, or three.. PayPal Venmo
Up vote any posts that you find helpful, it shows what's working..
Posted on December 13, 2017 at 19:47

Clive One wrote:

this is exploitable

/external-link.jspa?url=https%3A%2F%2Fcommunity.nxp.com%2Fthread%2F424925

Wow - that is some sort of a Hackety-Hack of Hack Hall!!

:(

Many thanks for digging it up!

Posted on December 13, 2017 at 19:56

Yeah, a bit more hackary than I'd like.

It did cause me to rewrite my own handler for the CM0(+)

HardFault_Handler\

                PROC

                EXPORT  HardFault_Handler

                EXTERN  hard_fault_handler_c

                MOV     R1, LR

                LDR     R0, =hard_fault_handler_c

                MOV     LR, R0

                MOVS    R0, &sharp4          ; Determine correct stack

                TST     R0, R1

                MRS     R0, MSP         ; Read MSP (Main)

                BEQ     .+6                ; BEQ 2, MRS R0,PSP 4

                MRS     R0, PSP         ; Read PSP (Process)

                MOV     R1, R4          ; Registers R4-R6, as parameters 2-4 of the function called

                MOV     R2, R5

                MOV     R3, R6          ; 

mailto:sourcer32@gmail.com

                BX      LR

                ENDP

//****************************************************************************

void hard_fault_handler_c(unsigned int * hardfault_args, unsigned int r4, unsigned int r5, unsigned int r6)

{

  printf ('\n[Hard Fault]\n'); // After Joseph Yiu

  printf ('r0 = %08X, r1 = %08X, r2 = %08X, r3 = %08X\n',

    hardfault_args[0], hardfault_args[1], hardfault_args[2], hardfault_args[3]);

  printf ('r4 = %08X, r5 = %08X, r6 = %08X, sp = %08X\n',

    r4, r5, r6, (unsigned int)&hardfault_args[8]);

  printf ('r12= %08X, lr = %08X, pc = %08X, psr= %08X\n',

    hardfault_args[4], hardfault_args[5], hardfault_args[6], hardfault_args[7]);

  printf ('bfar=%08X, cfsr=%08X, hfsr=%08X, dfsr=%08X, afsr=%08X\n',

    *((volatile unsigned int *)(0xE000ED38)),

    *((volatile unsigned int *)(0xE000ED28)),

    *((volatile unsigned int *)(0xE000ED2C)),

    *((volatile unsigned int *)(0xE000ED30)),

    *((volatile unsigned int *)(0xE000ED3C)) );

  while(1);

}

//****************************************************************************

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