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STM32F303 Nucleo CAN HAL_TIMEOUT Error

Question asked by ryan nguyen on Nov 13, 2017
Latest reply on Nov 15, 2017 by Imen D

Hello,

 

I'm trying to set up CAN on my STM32F303 nucleoy board to send a CAN message but I keep getting HAL_TIMEOUT error from the HAL_CAN_Transmit() function. Here's my code:

 

/**
******************************************************************************
*/

/* Includes ------------------------------------------------------------------*/
#include "main.h"
#include "stm32f3xx_hal.h"

 


CAN_HandleTypeDef hcan;

 


void SystemClock_Config(void);
static void MX_GPIO_Init(void);
static void MX_CAN_Init(void);

 

int main(void)
{

 

/* MCU Configuration----------------------------------------------------------*/

/* Reset of all peripherals, Initializes the Flash interface and the Systick. */
HAL_Init();

 

/* Configure the system clock */
SystemClock_Config();

 

/* Initialize all configured peripherals */
MX_GPIO_Init();
MX_CAN_Init();

 

/* Infinite loop */
HAL_StatusTypeDef status;
while (1)
{
hcan.pTxMsg->Data[0] = 1;
hcan.pTxMsg->Data[1] = 2;
status = HAL_CAN_Transmit(&hcan, 10);
HAL_GPIO_WritePin(GPIOA, GPIO_PIN_1, GPIO_PIN_RESET);
}

}

 

/** System Clock Configuration
*/
void SystemClock_Config(void)
{

RCC_OscInitTypeDef RCC_OscInitStruct;
RCC_ClkInitTypeDef RCC_ClkInitStruct;

/**Initializes the CPU, AHB and APB busses clocks
*/
RCC_OscInitStruct.OscillatorType = RCC_OSCILLATORTYPE_HSI;
RCC_OscInitStruct.HSIState = RCC_HSI_ON;
RCC_OscInitStruct.HSICalibrationValue = 16;
RCC_OscInitStruct.PLL.PLLState = RCC_PLL_ON;
RCC_OscInitStruct.PLL.PLLSource = RCC_PLLSOURCE_HSI;
RCC_OscInitStruct.PLL.PLLMUL = RCC_PLL_MUL8;
if (HAL_RCC_OscConfig(&RCC_OscInitStruct) != HAL_OK)
{
_Error_Handler(__FILE__, __LINE__);
}

/**Initializes the CPU, AHB and APB busses clocks
*/
RCC_ClkInitStruct.ClockType = RCC_CLOCKTYPE_HCLK|RCC_CLOCKTYPE_SYSCLK
|RCC_CLOCKTYPE_PCLK1|RCC_CLOCKTYPE_PCLK2;
RCC_ClkInitStruct.SYSCLKSource = RCC_SYSCLKSOURCE_PLLCLK;
RCC_ClkInitStruct.AHBCLKDivider = RCC_SYSCLK_DIV2;
RCC_ClkInitStruct.APB1CLKDivider = RCC_HCLK_DIV1;
RCC_ClkInitStruct.APB2CLKDivider = RCC_HCLK_DIV1;

if (HAL_RCC_ClockConfig(&RCC_ClkInitStruct, FLASH_LATENCY_0) != HAL_OK)
{
_Error_Handler(__FILE__, __LINE__);
}

/**Configure the Systick interrupt time
*/
HAL_SYSTICK_Config(HAL_RCC_GetHCLKFreq()/1000);

/**Configure the Systick
*/
HAL_SYSTICK_CLKSourceConfig(SYSTICK_CLKSOURCE_HCLK);

/* SysTick_IRQn interrupt configuration */
HAL_NVIC_SetPriority(SysTick_IRQn, 0, 0);
}

/* CAN init function */
static void MX_CAN_Init(void)
{
CAN_FilterConfTypeDef sFilterConfig;
static CanTxMsgTypeDef TxMessage;
static CanRxMsgTypeDef RxMessage;

hcan.pTxMsg = &TxMessage;
hcan.pRxMsg = &RxMessage;

hcan.Instance = CAN;
hcan.Init.Prescaler = 8;
hcan.Init.Mode = CAN_MODE_NORMAL;
hcan.Init.SJW = CAN_SJW_1TQ;
hcan.Init.BS1 = CAN_BS1_1TQ;
hcan.Init.BS2 = CAN_BS2_2TQ;
hcan.Init.TTCM = DISABLE;
hcan.Init.ABOM = DISABLE;
hcan.Init.AWUM = DISABLE;
hcan.Init.NART = DISABLE;
hcan.Init.RFLM = DISABLE;
hcan.Init.TXFP = DISABLE;
if (HAL_CAN_Init(&hcan) != HAL_OK)
{
_Error_Handler(__FILE__, __LINE__);
}
/*##-2- Configure the CAN Filter ###########################################*/
sFilterConfig.FilterNumber = 0;
sFilterConfig.FilterMode = CAN_FILTERMODE_IDMASK;
sFilterConfig.FilterScale = CAN_FILTERSCALE_32BIT;
sFilterConfig.FilterIdHigh = 0x0000;
sFilterConfig.FilterIdLow = 0x0000;
sFilterConfig.FilterMaskIdHigh = 0x0000;
sFilterConfig.FilterMaskIdLow = 0x0000;
sFilterConfig.FilterFIFOAssignment = 0;
sFilterConfig.FilterActivation = ENABLE;
sFilterConfig.BankNumber = 14;

if (HAL_CAN_ConfigFilter(&hcan, &sFilterConfig) != HAL_OK)
{
/* Filter configuration Error */
Error_Handler();
}

/*##-3- Configure Transmission process #####################################*/
hcan.pTxMsg->StdId = 0x3;
hcan.pTxMsg->ExtId = 0x01;
hcan.pTxMsg->RTR = CAN_RTR_DATA;
hcan.pTxMsg->IDE = CAN_ID_STD;
hcan.pTxMsg->DLC = 2;
}

/** Configure pins as
* Analog
* Input
* Output
* EVENT_OUT
* EXTI
*/
static void MX_GPIO_Init(void)
{

GPIO_InitTypeDef GPIO_InitStruct;

/* GPIO Ports Clock Enable */
__HAL_RCC_GPIOA_CLK_ENABLE();

/*Configure GPIO pin Output Level */
HAL_GPIO_WritePin(GPIOA, GPIO_PIN_1|GPIO_PIN_2, GPIO_PIN_RESET);

/*Configure GPIO pins : PA1 PA2 */
GPIO_InitStruct.Pin = GPIO_PIN_1|GPIO_PIN_2;
GPIO_InitStruct.Mode = GPIO_MODE_OUTPUT_PP;
GPIO_InitStruct.Pull = GPIO_NOPULL;
GPIO_InitStruct.Speed = GPIO_SPEED_FREQ_LOW;
HAL_GPIO_Init(GPIOA, &GPIO_InitStruct);

}

/* USER CODE BEGIN 4 */

/* USER CODE END 4 */

/**
* @brief This function is executed in case of error occurrence.
* @param None
* @retval None
*/
void _Error_Handler(char * file, int line)
{
/* USER CODE BEGIN Error_Handler_Debug */
/* User can add his own implementation to report the HAL error return state */
while(1)
{
}
/* USER CODE END Error_Handler_Debug */
}

#ifdef USE_FULL_ASSERT

/**
* @brief Reports the name of the source file and the source line number
* where the assert_param error has occurred.
* @param file: pointer to the source file name
* @param line: assert_param error line source number
* @retval None
*/
void assert_failed(uint8_t* file, uint32_t line)
{
/* USER CODE BEGIN 6 */
/* User can add his own implementation to report the file name and line number,
ex: printf("Wrong parameters value: file %s on line %d\r\n", file, line) */
/* USER CODE END 6 */

}

#endif

 

Any help is appreciated!

 

Thank you

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