AnsweredAssumed Answered

How to feed both i2s channel with DMA

Question asked by ad ho on Aug 8, 2017
Latest reply on Aug 14, 2017 by ad ho

My setup is a NucleoF446 and a simple PCM5102A i2s DAC.

 

I have a working "sinus hello world" on the right channel but the left channels is only generating noise.

My question is how should I feed the left channel, my guess was that I needed to alternate left and right samples inside the DMA buffer but I did not do it and the right signal is clean whereas the left is crap.

 

Side question, my sinus signal is 256 sample but I have to set the DMA transmit length to 512 in order to have the full sinus, if I put 256, then I get only the positive alternance.

 

Thanks for help!

 

There is my code:

 

/**
******************************************************************************
* File Name : main.c
* Description : Main program body
******************************************************************************
** This notice applies to any and all portions of this file
* that are not between comment pairs USER CODE BEGIN and
* USER CODE END. Other portions of this file, whether
* inserted by the user or by software development tools
* are owned by their respective copyright owners.
*
* COPYRIGHT(c) 2017 STMicroelectronics
*
* Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without modification,
* are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
* 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice,
* this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
* 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice,
* this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation
* and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
* 3. Neither the name of STMicroelectronics nor the names of its contributors
* may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
* without specific prior written permission.
*
* THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS"
* AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
* IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE
* DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT HOLDER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
* FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
* DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR
* SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER
* CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY,
* OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE
* OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
*
******************************************************************************
*/
/* Includes ------------------------------------------------------------------*/
#include "main.h"
#include "stm32f4xx_hal.h"

/* USER CODE BEGIN Includes */

#define LIGHT_TOGGLE HAL_GPIO_TogglePin(Led_GPIO_Port, Led_Pin);
#define MUTE_TOGGLE HAL_GPIO_TogglePin(Mute_GPIO_Port, Mute_Pin);\
MUTEOFF = (MUTEOFF==0) ? 1 : 1;

/* USER CODE END Includes */

/* Private variables ---------------------------------------------------------*/
I2S_HandleTypeDef hi2s2;
I2S_HandleTypeDef hi2s3;
DMA_HandleTypeDef hdma_spi2_tx;
DMA_HandleTypeDef hdma_spi3_rx;

/* USER CODE BEGIN PV */
/* Private variables ---------------------------------------------------------*/
uint16_t sine_table[512] = {
0x0000, 0x0324, 0x0647, 0x096a, 0x0c8b, 0x0fab, 0x12c8, 0x15e2,
0x18f8, 0x1c0b, 0x1f19, 0x2223, 0x2528, 0x2826, 0x2b1f, 0x2e11,
0x30fb, 0x33de, 0x36ba, 0x398c, 0x3c56, 0x3f17, 0x41ce, 0x447a,
0x471c, 0x49b4, 0x4c3f, 0x4ebf, 0x5133, 0x539b, 0x55f5, 0x5842,
0x5a82, 0x5cb4, 0x5ed7, 0x60ec, 0x62f2, 0x64e8, 0x66cf, 0x68a6,
0x6a6d, 0x6c24, 0x6dca, 0x6f5f, 0x70e2, 0x7255, 0x73b5, 0x7504,
0x7641, 0x776c, 0x7884, 0x798a, 0x7a7d, 0x7b5d, 0x7c29, 0x7ce3,
0x7d8a, 0x7e1d, 0x7e9d, 0x7f09, 0x7f62, 0x7fa7, 0x7fd8, 0x7ff6,
0x7fff, 0x7ff6, 0x7fd8, 0x7fa7, 0x7f62, 0x7f09, 0x7e9d, 0x7e1d,
0x7d8a, 0x7ce3, 0x7c29, 0x7b5d, 0x7a7d, 0x798a, 0x7884, 0x776c,
0x7641, 0x7504, 0x73b5, 0x7255, 0x70e2, 0x6f5f, 0x6dca, 0x6c24,
0x6a6d, 0x68a6, 0x66cf, 0x64e8, 0x62f2, 0x60ec, 0x5ed7, 0x5cb4,
0x5a82, 0x5842, 0x55f5, 0x539b, 0x5133, 0x4ebf, 0x4c3f, 0x49b4,
0x471c, 0x447a, 0x41ce, 0x3f17, 0x3c56, 0x398c, 0x36ba, 0x33de,
0x30fb, 0x2e11, 0x2b1f, 0x2826, 0x2528, 0x2223, 0x1f19, 0x1c0b,
0x18f8, 0x15e2, 0x12c8, 0x0fab, 0x0c8b, 0x096a, 0x0647, 0x0324,
0x0000, 0xfcdc, 0xf9b9, 0xf696, 0xf375, 0xf055, 0xed38, 0xea1e,
0xe708, 0xe3f5, 0xe0e7, 0xdddd, 0xdad8, 0xd7da, 0xd4e1, 0xd1ef,
0xcf05, 0xcc22, 0xc946, 0xc674, 0xc3aa, 0xc0e9, 0xbe32, 0xbb86,
0xb8e4, 0xb64c, 0xb3c1, 0xb141, 0xaecd, 0xac65, 0xaa0b, 0xa7be,
0xa57e, 0xa34c, 0xa129, 0x9f14, 0x9d0e, 0x9b18, 0x9931, 0x975a,
0x9593, 0x93dc, 0x9236, 0x90a1, 0x8f1e, 0x8dab, 0x8c4b, 0x8afc,
0x89bf, 0x8894, 0x877c, 0x8676, 0x8583, 0x84a3, 0x83d7, 0x831d,
0x8276, 0x81e3, 0x8163, 0x80f7, 0x809e, 0x8059, 0x8028, 0x800a,
0x8000, 0x800a, 0x8028, 0x8059, 0x809e, 0x80f7, 0x8163, 0x81e3,
0x8276, 0x831d, 0x83d7, 0x84a3, 0x8583, 0x8676, 0x877c, 0x8894,
0x89bf, 0x8afc, 0x8c4b, 0x8dab, 0x8f1e, 0x90a1, 0x9236, 0x93dc,
0x9593, 0x975a, 0x9931, 0x9b18, 0x9d0e, 0x9f14, 0xa129, 0xa34c,
0xa57e, 0xa7be, 0xaa0b, 0xac65, 0xaecd, 0xb141, 0xb3c1, 0xb64c,
0xb8e4, 0xbb86, 0xbe32, 0xc0e9, 0xc3aa, 0xc674, 0xc946, 0xcc22,
0xcf05, 0xd1ef, 0xd4e1, 0xd7da, 0xdad8, 0xdddd, 0xe0e7, 0xe3f5,
0xe708, 0xea1e, 0xed38, 0xf055, 0xf375, 0xf696, 0xf9b9, 0xfcdc,};


HAL_StatusTypeDef ret;
uint8_t MUTEOFF = 1;

uint16_t Data1[1000] = { 0 };
uint16_t Data2[1000] = { 0 };
int32_t Audio[250] = { 0 };
uint16_t Size = 1000;
uint8_t Ready = 0;
uint16_t *produce_ptr, *consume_ptr;
uint8_t which;
uint8_t state;

/* USER CODE END PV */

/* Private function prototypes -----------------------------------------------*/
void SystemClock_Config(void);
static void MX_GPIO_Init(void);
static void MX_DMA_Init(void);
static void MX_I2S2_Init(void);
static void MX_I2S3_Init(void);

/* USER CODE BEGIN PFP */
/* Private function prototypes -----------------------------------------------*/
void HAL_GPIO_EXTI_Callback(uint16_t GPIO_Pin) {
if (GPIO_Pin == Button_Pin) {
if(MUTEOFF){
HAL_I2S_DMAResume(&hi2s2);
} else {
HAL_I2S_DMAPause(&hi2s2);
}

LIGHT_TOGGLE;
MUTE_TOGGLE;
}
}
/* USER CODE END PFP */

/* USER CODE BEGIN 0 */

/* USER CODE END 0 */

int main(void)
{

/* USER CODE BEGIN 1 */

/* USER CODE END 1 */

/* MCU Configuration----------------------------------------------------------*/

/* Reset of all peripherals, Initializes the Flash interface and the Systick. */
HAL_Init();

/* USER CODE BEGIN Init */

/* USER CODE END Init */

/* Configure the system clock */
SystemClock_Config();

/* USER CODE BEGIN SysInit */

/* USER CODE END SysInit */

/* Initialize all configured peripherals */
MX_GPIO_Init();
MX_DMA_Init();
MX_I2S2_Init();
MX_I2S3_Init();

/* USER CODE BEGIN 2 */
ret = HAL_I2S_Transmit_DMA(&hi2s2, (uint16_t*) sine_table, 512);

HAL_I2S_DMAPause(&hi2s2);

/* USER CODE END 2 */

/* Infinite loop */
/* USER CODE BEGIN WHILE */
while (1) {
/* USER CODE END WHILE */

/* USER CODE BEGIN 3 */

}
/* USER CODE END 3 */

}

/** System Clock Configuration
*/
void SystemClock_Config(void)
{

RCC_OscInitTypeDef RCC_OscInitStruct;
RCC_ClkInitTypeDef RCC_ClkInitStruct;
RCC_PeriphCLKInitTypeDef PeriphClkInitStruct;

/**Configure the main internal regulator output voltage
*/
__HAL_RCC_PWR_CLK_ENABLE();

__HAL_PWR_VOLTAGESCALING_CONFIG(PWR_REGULATOR_VOLTAGE_SCALE3);

/**Initializes the CPU, AHB and APB busses clocks
*/
RCC_OscInitStruct.OscillatorType = RCC_OSCILLATORTYPE_HSI;
RCC_OscInitStruct.HSIState = RCC_HSI_ON;
RCC_OscInitStruct.HSICalibrationValue = 16;
RCC_OscInitStruct.PLL.PLLState = RCC_PLL_ON;
RCC_OscInitStruct.PLL.PLLSource = RCC_PLLSOURCE_HSI;
RCC_OscInitStruct.PLL.PLLM = 16;
RCC_OscInitStruct.PLL.PLLN = 336;
RCC_OscInitStruct.PLL.PLLP = RCC_PLLP_DIV4;
RCC_OscInitStruct.PLL.PLLQ = 2;
RCC_OscInitStruct.PLL.PLLR = 2;
if (HAL_RCC_OscConfig(&RCC_OscInitStruct) != HAL_OK)
{
_Error_Handler(__FILE__, __LINE__);
}

/**Initializes the CPU, AHB and APB busses clocks
*/
RCC_ClkInitStruct.ClockType = RCC_CLOCKTYPE_HCLK|RCC_CLOCKTYPE_SYSCLK
|RCC_CLOCKTYPE_PCLK1|RCC_CLOCKTYPE_PCLK2;
RCC_ClkInitStruct.SYSCLKSource = RCC_SYSCLKSOURCE_PLLCLK;
RCC_ClkInitStruct.AHBCLKDivider = RCC_SYSCLK_DIV1;
RCC_ClkInitStruct.APB1CLKDivider = RCC_HCLK_DIV2;
RCC_ClkInitStruct.APB2CLKDivider = RCC_HCLK_DIV1;

if (HAL_RCC_ClockConfig(&RCC_ClkInitStruct, FLASH_LATENCY_2) != HAL_OK)
{
_Error_Handler(__FILE__, __LINE__);
}

PeriphClkInitStruct.PeriphClockSelection = RCC_PERIPHCLK_I2S_APB1;
PeriphClkInitStruct.PLLI2S.PLLI2SN = 192;
PeriphClkInitStruct.PLLI2S.PLLI2SP = RCC_PLLI2SP_DIV2;
PeriphClkInitStruct.PLLI2S.PLLI2SM = 16;
PeriphClkInitStruct.PLLI2S.PLLI2SR = 2;
PeriphClkInitStruct.PLLI2S.PLLI2SQ = 2;
PeriphClkInitStruct.PLLI2SDivQ = 1;
PeriphClkInitStruct.I2sApb1ClockSelection = RCC_I2SAPB1CLKSOURCE_PLLI2S;
if (HAL_RCCEx_PeriphCLKConfig(&PeriphClkInitStruct) != HAL_OK)
{
_Error_Handler(__FILE__, __LINE__);
}

/**Configure the Systick interrupt time
*/
HAL_SYSTICK_Config(HAL_RCC_GetHCLKFreq()/1000);

/**Configure the Systick
*/
HAL_SYSTICK_CLKSourceConfig(SYSTICK_CLKSOURCE_HCLK);

/* SysTick_IRQn interrupt configuration */
HAL_NVIC_SetPriority(SysTick_IRQn, 0, 0);
}

/* I2S2 init function */
static void MX_I2S2_Init(void)
{

hi2s2.Instance = SPI2;
hi2s2.Init.Mode = I2S_MODE_MASTER_TX;
hi2s2.Init.Standard = I2S_STANDARD_PHILIPS;
hi2s2.Init.DataFormat = I2S_DATAFORMAT_16B;
hi2s2.Init.MCLKOutput = I2S_MCLKOUTPUT_ENABLE;
hi2s2.Init.AudioFreq = I2S_AUDIOFREQ_16K;
hi2s2.Init.CPOL = I2S_CPOL_LOW;
hi2s2.Init.ClockSource = I2S_CLOCK_PLL;
hi2s2.Init.FullDuplexMode = I2S_FULLDUPLEXMODE_DISABLE;
if (HAL_I2S_Init(&hi2s2) != HAL_OK)
{
_Error_Handler(__FILE__, __LINE__);
}

}

/* I2S3 init function */
static void MX_I2S3_Init(void)
{

hi2s3.Instance = SPI3;
hi2s3.Init.Mode = I2S_MODE_MASTER_RX;
hi2s3.Init.Standard = I2S_STANDARD_PHILIPS;
hi2s3.Init.DataFormat = I2S_DATAFORMAT_24B;
hi2s3.Init.MCLKOutput = I2S_MCLKOUTPUT_DISABLE;
hi2s3.Init.AudioFreq = I2S_AUDIOFREQ_32K;
hi2s3.Init.CPOL = I2S_CPOL_LOW;
hi2s3.Init.ClockSource = I2S_CLOCK_PLL;
hi2s3.Init.FullDuplexMode = I2S_FULLDUPLEXMODE_DISABLE;
if (HAL_I2S_Init(&hi2s3) != HAL_OK)
{
_Error_Handler(__FILE__, __LINE__);
}

}

/**
* Enable DMA controller clock
*/
static void MX_DMA_Init(void)
{
/* DMA controller clock enable */
__HAL_RCC_DMA1_CLK_ENABLE();

/* DMA interrupt init */
/* DMA1_Stream0_IRQn interrupt configuration */
HAL_NVIC_SetPriority(DMA1_Stream0_IRQn, 0, 0);
HAL_NVIC_EnableIRQ(DMA1_Stream0_IRQn);
/* DMA1_Stream4_IRQn interrupt configuration */
HAL_NVIC_SetPriority(DMA1_Stream4_IRQn, 0, 0);
HAL_NVIC_EnableIRQ(DMA1_Stream4_IRQn);

}

/** Configure pins as
* Analog
* Input
* Output
* EVENT_OUT
* EXTI
PA2 ------> USART2_TX
PA3 ------> USART2_RX
*/
static void MX_GPIO_Init(void)
{

GPIO_InitTypeDef GPIO_InitStruct;

/* GPIO Ports Clock Enable */
__HAL_RCC_GPIOC_CLK_ENABLE();
__HAL_RCC_GPIOH_CLK_ENABLE();
__HAL_RCC_GPIOA_CLK_ENABLE();
__HAL_RCC_GPIOB_CLK_ENABLE();

/*Configure GPIO pin Output Level */
HAL_GPIO_WritePin(Led_GPIO_Port, Led_Pin, GPIO_PIN_RESET);

/*Configure GPIO pin Output Level */
HAL_GPIO_WritePin(Mute_GPIO_Port, Mute_Pin, GPIO_PIN_RESET);

/*Configure GPIO pin : Button_Pin */
GPIO_InitStruct.Pin = Button_Pin;
GPIO_InitStruct.Mode = GPIO_MODE_IT_RISING;
GPIO_InitStruct.Pull = GPIO_NOPULL;
HAL_GPIO_Init(Button_GPIO_Port, &GPIO_InitStruct);

/*Configure GPIO pins : USART_TX_Pin USART_RX_Pin */
GPIO_InitStruct.Pin = USART_TX_Pin|USART_RX_Pin;
GPIO_InitStruct.Mode = GPIO_MODE_AF_PP;
GPIO_InitStruct.Pull = GPIO_NOPULL;
GPIO_InitStruct.Speed = GPIO_SPEED_FREQ_VERY_HIGH;
GPIO_InitStruct.Alternate = GPIO_AF7_USART2;
HAL_GPIO_Init(GPIOA, &GPIO_InitStruct);

/*Configure GPIO pin : Led_Pin */
GPIO_InitStruct.Pin = Led_Pin;
GPIO_InitStruct.Mode = GPIO_MODE_OUTPUT_PP;
GPIO_InitStruct.Pull = GPIO_NOPULL;
GPIO_InitStruct.Speed = GPIO_SPEED_FREQ_LOW;
HAL_GPIO_Init(Led_GPIO_Port, &GPIO_InitStruct);

/*Configure GPIO pin : Mute_Pin */
GPIO_InitStruct.Pin = Mute_Pin;
GPIO_InitStruct.Mode = GPIO_MODE_OUTPUT_PP;
GPIO_InitStruct.Pull = GPIO_NOPULL;
GPIO_InitStruct.Speed = GPIO_SPEED_FREQ_LOW;
HAL_GPIO_Init(Mute_GPIO_Port, &GPIO_InitStruct);

/* EXTI interrupt init*/
HAL_NVIC_SetPriority(EXTI15_10_IRQn, 0, 0);
HAL_NVIC_EnableIRQ(EXTI15_10_IRQn);

}

/* USER CODE BEGIN 4 */
void HAL_I2S_ErrorCallback(I2S_HandleTypeDef *hi2s) {
MX_I2S2_Init();
HAL_I2S_RxCpltCallback(hi2s);
}

/* USER CODE END 4 */

/**
* @brief This function is executed in case of error occurrence.
* @param None
* @retval None
*/
void _Error_Handler(char * file, int line)
{
/* USER CODE BEGIN Error_Handler_Debug */
/* User can add his own implementation to report the HAL error return state */
while (1) {
}
/* USER CODE END Error_Handler_Debug */
}

#ifdef USE_FULL_ASSERT

/**
* @brief Reports the name of the source file and the source line number
* where the assert_param error has occurred.
* @param file: pointer to the source file name
* @param line: assert_param error line source number
* @retval None
*/
void assert_failed(uint8_t* file, uint32_t line)
{
/* USER CODE BEGIN 6 */
/* User can add his own implementation to report the file name and line number,
ex: printf("Wrong parameters value: file %s on line %d\r\n", file, line) */
/* USER CODE END 6 */

}

#endif

/**
* @}
*/

/**
* @}
*/

/************************ (C) COPYRIGHT STMicroelectronics *****END OF FILE****/

stm32f446 cube mx i2s dma

Outcomes