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STM32F4-Discovery SPI LIS3DSH

Question asked by w.zim on Feb 9, 2015
Latest reply on Feb 9, 2015 by w.zim
Hi all,
I was able to use the code below to init the SPI and read the values from accelerometer
SPI_InitTypeDef SPI_InitTypeDefStruct;
GPIO_InitTypeDef GPIO_InitTypeDefStruct;
 
RCC_APB2PeriphClockCmd(RCC_APB2Periph_SPI1, ENABLE);
RCC_AHB1PeriphClockCmd(RCC_AHB1Periph_GPIOA, ENABLE);
RCC_AHB1PeriphClockCmd(RCC_AHB1Periph_GPIOE , ENABLE);
 
SPI_InitTypeDefStruct.SPI_Direction         = SPI_Direction_2Lines_FullDuplex;
SPI_InitTypeDefStruct.SPI_Mode              = SPI_Mode_Master;
SPI_InitTypeDefStruct.SPI_DataSize          = SPI_DataSize_8b;
SPI_InitTypeDefStruct.SPI_CPOL              = SPI_CPOL_High;
SPI_InitTypeDefStruct.SPI_CPHA              = SPI_CPHA_2Edge;
SPI_InitTypeDefStruct.SPI_NSS               = SPI_NSS_Soft | SPI_NSSInternalSoft_Set;
SPI_InitTypeDefStruct.SPI_BaudRatePrescaler = SPI_BaudRatePrescaler_256;     //seems like it was here causing trouble
SPI_InitTypeDefStruct.SPI_FirstBit          = SPI_FirstBit_MSB;
SPI_Init(SPI1, &SPI_InitTypeDefStruct);
 
GPIO_InitTypeDefStruct.GPIO_Pin   = GPIO_Pin_5 | GPIO_Pin_7 | GPIO_Pin_6;
GPIO_InitTypeDefStruct.GPIO_Mode  = GPIO_Mode_AF;
GPIO_InitTypeDefStruct.GPIO_Speed = GPIO_Speed_50MHz;
GPIO_InitTypeDefStruct.GPIO_OType = GPIO_OType_PP;
GPIO_InitTypeDefStruct.GPIO_PuPd  = GPIO_PuPd_NOPULL;
GPIO_Init(GPIOA, &GPIO_InitTypeDefStruct);
 
GPIO_InitTypeDefStruct.GPIO_Pin   = GPIO_Pin_3;
GPIO_InitTypeDefStruct.GPIO_Mode  = GPIO_Mode_OUT;
GPIO_InitTypeDefStruct.GPIO_Speed = GPIO_Speed_50MHz;
GPIO_InitTypeDefStruct.GPIO_PuPd  = GPIO_PuPd_UP;
GPIO_InitTypeDefStruct.GPIO_OType = GPIO_OType_PP;
GPIO_Init(GPIOE, &GPIO_InitTypeDefStruct);
 
GPIO_PinAFConfig(GPIOA, GPIO_PinSource5, GPIO_AF_SPI1);
GPIO_PinAFConfig(GPIOA, GPIO_PinSource6, GPIO_AF_SPI1);
GPIO_PinAFConfig(GPIOA, GPIO_PinSource7, GPIO_AF_SPI1);
 
GPIO_SetBits(GPIOE, GPIO_Pin_3);
SPI_Cmd(SPI1, ENABLE);
 
SPI_send(0x23, 0xc9);                         // resetting the accelerometer internal circuit
//SPI_send(0x20, 0x67);                         // 100Hz data update rate, block data update disable, x/y/z enabled
SPI_send(0x20, 0x97);
//SPI_send(0x24, 0x20);                         // Anti aliasing filter bandwidth 800Hz, 16G (very sensitive), no self-test, 4-wire interface
SPI_send(0x24, 0x00);                         // Anti aliasing filter bandwidth 800Hz, 2G ( sensitive  ??), no self-test, 4-wire interface
SPI_send(0x10, 0x00);                         // Output(X) = Measurement(X) - OFFSET(X) * 32;
SPI_send(0x11, 0x00);                         // Output(Y) = Measurement(Y) - OFFSET(Y) * 32;
SPI_send(0x12, 0x00);                         // Output(Z) = Measurement(Z) - OFFSET(Z) * 32;
void SPI_send(uint8_t address, uint8_t data)
{
  GPIO_ResetBits(GPIOE, GPIO_Pin_3);
  
  while(SPI_I2S_GetFlagStatus(SPI1, SPI_I2S_FLAG_TXE) == RESET);
  SPI_I2S_SendData(SPI1, address);
  while(SPI_I2S_GetFlagStatus(SPI1, SPI_I2S_FLAG_RXNE) == RESET);
  SPI_I2S_ReceiveData(SPI1);
  
  while(SPI_I2S_GetFlagStatus(SPI1, SPI_I2S_FLAG_TXE) == RESET);
  SPI_I2S_SendData(SPI1, data);
  while(SPI_I2S_GetFlagStatus(SPI1, SPI_I2S_FLAG_RXNE) == RESET);
  SPI_I2S_ReceiveData(SPI1);
  
  GPIO_SetBits(GPIOE, GPIO_Pin_3);
   
}
 
 
 
uint8_t SPI_read(uint8_t address)
{
  GPIO_ResetBits(GPIOE, GPIO_Pin_3);
  address = 0x80 | address;                         // 0b10 - reading and clearing status
   
  while(SPI_I2S_GetFlagStatus(SPI1, SPI_I2S_FLAG_TXE) == RESET);
  SPI_I2S_SendData(SPI1, address);
  while(SPI_I2S_GetFlagStatus(SPI1, SPI_I2S_FLAG_RXNE) == RESET);
  SPI_I2S_ReceiveData(SPI1);
  
  while(SPI_I2S_GetFlagStatus(SPI1, SPI_I2S_FLAG_TXE) == RESET);
  SPI_I2S_SendData(SPI1, 0x00);
  while(SPI_I2S_GetFlagStatus(SPI1, SPI_I2S_FLAG_RXNE) == RESET);
  
  GPIO_SetBits(GPIOE, GPIO_Pin_3);
  
  return SPI_I2S_ReceiveData(SPI1);
}


Then I combined these code with my project which has an 500Hz interrupt.
It always work at first but if i unplug the board then plug it in again, SPI will only read zeros, even though the LIS3DSH  still have readings(i used oscilloscope checked it). I had to download the shorter version of the project code( taking out most of the code in the interrupt) to get SPI to work properly again. 
I am using the Kickstart, size-limited IAR ewarm I thought it was because my code exceed the limit. But I did not get warning and my code was not more than 32kb.

I am just confused since it works until I unplug it. Could someone give me some suggestions? 
Thanks 

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