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How to create project for STM32H7 with Ethernet and LwIP stack working

ST Employee

How do I create a project for STM32H7 with Ethernet and LwIP stack working?

This readme is intended for STM32CubeIDE version 1.9.0 and STM32CubeH7 version 1.10.0. For older tool versions please see older version of this readme in the repository. 

If you have any questions regarding Ethernet topics in general, please visit our MCU forum and create a thread. Doing so will provide you with a shorter response time. 

Example project code and older version of this article is provided on Github: Detailed how to step-by-step is provided below.


  • Fixed IP address
  • Code should work even when re-generating the code in STM32CubeMX
  • Changes in code can be find by searching for

Release notes

Version STM32CubeIDE version STM32CubeH7 version Description / Update Date
1.2 1.9.0 1.10.0 Ported to new IDE/library version. Ethernet driver reworked in new library release. Added iperf measurement and TCP/IP settings tuned. Published on Github August 9th 2022
1.1 1.6.1 1.9.0 Added Cortex-M4 base examples July 19th 2021
1.0 1.6.1 1.9.0 Initial release on ST community (with minor changes on Github) June 21st 2021

Using GIT tags it should be easy to find examples for particular version of STM32CubeIDE and HAL library

TCP/IP configuration in LwIP

Below configuration is necessary to achieve good TCP/IP performance

Parameter Value Formula Needs to be changed in MX
TCP_MSS 1460
TCP_WND 5840

Memory layout

On STM32H74x/H75x devices, all data related to Ethernet and LwIP are placed in D2 SRAM memory (288kB). First 128kB of this memory are reserved for Cortex-M4 on dual-core devices. On single core devices this part can be used for other purposes.

Variable STM32H74x/H75x address Cortex-M4 alias Size Source file
DMARxDscrTab 0x30040000 0x10040000 96 (256 max.) ethernetif.c
DMATxDscrTab 0x30040100 0x10040100 96 (256 max.) ethernetif.c
memp_memory_RX_POOL_base 0x30040200 0x10040200 12*(1536 + 24) ethernetif.c
LwIP heap 0x30020000 0x10020000 131048 (128kB - 24) lwipopts.h

For STM32H72x/H73x devices, the D2 SRAM is more limited (only 32kB). The RX buffers need to be placed in AXI SRAM, since they won't fit to D2 RAM, together with LwIP heap. The LwIP heap is reduced to fit the rest of D2 RAM together with DMA descriptors.

Variable STM32H72x/H73x address Size Source file
DMARxDscrTab 0x30000000 96 (256 max.) ethernetif.c
DMATxDscrTab 0x30000100 96 (256 max.) ethernetif.c
memp_memory_RX_POOL_base AXI SRAM (32-byte aligned) 12*(1536 + 24) ethernetif.c
LwIP heap 0x30000200 32232 (32kB - 512 - 24) lwipopts.h

Value provided here are an example implementation, other configurations are also possible in order to optimize memory usage. When changing memory layout, the MPU configuration needs to be updated accordingly.


Libraries and middleware is taken from STM32CubeH7 package. So the same licenses apply to the these examples. There is minimum code added on top of STM32CubeMX and HAL libraries, this code is provided AS-IS.

How to create project from scratch


Goal of this example is to:

  • Configure project in STM32CubeMX for STM32H750-Discovery
  • Configure FreeRTOS and LwIP middlewares correctly
  • Send UDP message periodically (optional)

Although the example is using STM32H750-Discovery, it might be easy to use the same steps for other STM32H7 based boards. The main differences are usually pinout and clock configuration. You might also need to check board solder bridges to make sure the Ethernet is connected to MCU.

STM32CubeMX project configuration

  • Create new project in STM32CubeMX, select STM32H750-Discovery board and select "No" to "Initialize all peripherals in default mode?" pop-up.
    • This will help with pin assignment.

Basic configuration

Configure clock tree:

  • In pinout/RCC configure HSE in bypass mode
  • In clock tree configure 400MHz for core


  • In pinout/SYS configure different timebase than SysTick (recommended when using FreeRTOS)
    • TIM6 is usually a good option, since it is a simple timer

Ethernet configuration

  • Enable Ethernet peripheral in pinout view in MII mode (MII used on the board).
  • Enable Ethernet interrupt and set preemption priority to 5. This is required by FreeRTOS in order to call its functions from interrupt handler.
  • Relocate Ethernet CRS and COL signals from PH2/PH3 to PA0/PA3
    • These signals are optional in full-duplex mode and not connected in default configuration
    • This will also allow use PH2/PH3 for QSPI
  • Other pins should be correctly placed, since we create the project from board selector.


  • Set GPIO pin speed to Very High.


The ETH_MDC speed couldn't be changed for some reason, but it doesn't affect the application and it was already fixed in new versions.

Cortex-M7 configuration

This step can be skipped when using Cortex-M4 core.

  • Enable ICache and DCache.
  • Enable memory protection unit (MPU) in “Background Region Privileged access only + MPU Disabled ...” mode. Configure regions according to the picture below:


Above example is for STM32H743 device. For other devices or Cortex-M4 core on dual-core device, different addresses and size might be necessary. Please refer to section Memory layout

When using dual-core device and running Ethernet on Cortex-M7 core, it must be ensured that memory used by Ethernet is not used by Cortex-M4. Also note the Cortex-M4 can use different address alias for D2 RAM

FreeRTOS configuration

  • Enable the FreeRTOS with CMSIS_V1 API.
  • Increase the size of defaultTask stack to 512 words1
  • Lower stack values cause memory corruptions
  • Please check also that the generated code is correct, since there is bug when increasing the MINIMAL_STACK_SIZE and there might be old value in code (this should be fixed in new versions)


LwIP configuration

  • Enable LwIP in middleware.
  • In "General settings" tab, disable DHCP server and configure fixed IP address (unless you know how to configure and use DHCP).


  • In the attached examples, the IP address is used (instead of shown on the screenshot).
  • In "Platform settings" tab select "LAN8742" in both select boxes. The LAN8742 driver is also compatible with LAN8740 device, which is actually present on the STM32H750-Discovery board. The main difference between these devices is support of MII interface. On other boards LAN8742 PHY chip is used.


In "Key options" tab:

  • Configure MEM_SIZE to 16360. This specifies the heap size, which we will relocated to D2 SRAM (16kb minus 24 bytes for allocator metadata).
  • Also enable LWIP_NETIF_LINK_CALLBACK (needed for cable plugging/unplugging detection).
  • Set the LWIP_RAM_HEAP_POINTER to proper address2
  • Set the MEM_SIZE parameter to proper size2


  • (Should be done automatically by new CubeMX) In "Checksum" tab enable CHECKSUM_BY_HARDWARE. Other options should automatically reconfigure and you can leave them in this state.


Generate project

Save project to some folder of your selection. Now you can generate the project for IDE. We will use STM32CubeIDE in this example, but it should work with other IDEs.

Modyfying the code (STM32CubeIDE)

There are several places where some additional code should be placed, also depending on selected device. In the examples all these places are marked with comment containing


and some basic explanation. Searching for


can show all these places.

Only main interesting points are mentioned below:

  • Placement of the RX_POOL buffers (although we configured the address in CubeMX) in ethernetif.c2:
#if defined ( __ICCARM__ ) /*!< IAR Compiler */
#pragma location = 0x30040200
extern u8_t memp_memory_RX_POOL_base[];

#elif defined ( __CC_ARM )  /* MDK ARM Compiler */
__attribute__((at(0x30040200)) extern u8_t memp_memory_RX_POOL_base[];

#elif defined ( __GNUC__ ) /* GNU Compiler */
__attribute__((section(".Rx_PoolSection"))) extern u8_t memp_memory_RX_POOL_base[];

  • Add DATA_IN_D2_SRAM to macro definitions in project:


Modify linkerscript (not valid for Keil/IAR)2

This step should be skipped for Keil and IAR, since they support placing variables at specific address in C code. Modify the linkerscript (*.ld) that the ETH descriptors and buffers are located in D2 SRAM. Also it is recommended to place all RAM to RAM_D1. In STM32CubeMX generated project, the "_FLASH" suffix linkerscript should be modified, which is used by default (e.g.: STM32H750XBHx_FLASH.ld). The "_RAM" suffix linkerscript is template for executing code from internal RAM memory.

  } >RAM_D1

  /* Modification start */
  .lwip_sec (NOLOAD) :
    . = ABSOLUTE(0x30040000);
    . = ABSOLUTE(0x30040060);
    . = ABSOLUTE(0x30040200);
  } >RAM_D2
  /* Modification end */

  /* Remove information from the compiler libraries */
    libc.a ( * )
    libm.a ( * )
    libgcc.a ( * )

The memory definitions at the beginning of the linkerscript should look like:

  FLASH (rx)     : ORIGIN = 0x08000000, LENGTH = 128K
  DTCMRAM (xrw)  : ORIGIN = 0x20000000, LENGTH = 128K
  RAM_D1 (xrw)   : ORIGIN = 0x24000000, LENGTH = 512K
  RAM_D2 (xrw)   : ORIGIN = 0x30000000, LENGTH = 288K
  RAM_D3 (xrw)   : ORIGIN = 0x38000000, LENGTH = 64K
  ITCMRAM (xrw)  : ORIGIN = 0x00000000, LENGTH = 64K

For dual core devices it is better to restrict RAM_D2 section to avoid collision with Cortex-M4. Please see the linkerscripts in examples.

(Optional) Adding simple Hello UDP message

  • Add following include files at the beginning of main.c:
#include “lwip/udp.h”
#include <string.h>
  • Modify the StartDefaultTask in main.c with the following code:
const char* message = "Hello UDP message!\n\r";


ip_addr_t PC_IPADDR;
IP_ADDR4(&PC_IPADDR, 192, 168, 1, 1);

struct udp_pcb* my_udp = udp_new();
udp_connect(my_udp, &PC_IPADDR, 55151);
struct pbuf* udp_buffer = NULL;

/* Infinite loop */
for (;;) {
  /* !! PBUF_RAM is critical for correct operation !! */
  udp_buffer = pbuf_alloc(PBUF_TRANSPORT, strlen(message), PBUF_RAM);

  if (udp_buffer != NULL) {
    memcpy(udp_buffer->payload, message, strlen(message));
    udp_send(my_udp, udp_buffer);

Now you should be able to ping the device and receive UDP messages, assuming that you configure IP address for the receiving device (the network is used by attached examples). On Linux machine you can observe the messages with the following command:

netcat –ul 55151

Tips & common mistakes

  1. For STM32H72x/H73x devices, the Ethernet buffers can't be placed in address range 0x30040000 - 0x30048000, since that range is not valid. D2 SRAM on those devices is much smaller, so the buffers need to be placed starting at 0x30000000. This affects RX & TX descriptors and RX buffer addresses (ETH configuration in CubeMX) and LWIP_RAM_HEAP_POINTER used for TX buffers (LWIP > Key options in CubeMX).
  2. When running the stack on Cortex-M4, the buffers can be placed at the same address (0x30040000), but it is better to place them at 0x10040000 which is alias for the same address. This alias is accessible by Cortex-M4 D-bus and helps to utilize the Harvard architecture.
  3. When not using FreeRTOS, the Ethernet interrupt should be disabled and MX_LWIP_Process should be called periodically (in main loop).
  4. On STM32H747-Discovery board, modification needs to be done to default solder bridge configuration. SB8 should be closed and SB21 should be open for Ethernet to work, otherwise the MDC signal is not properly connected.

When facing issues with your own project:

  1. First try example and see if there is proper configuration on PC side. With corporate firewalls and restrictions, it might be difficult to perform simple ping to specific IP address. In some cases it is easier to test from personal PC, or some PC with firewall disabled.
  2. Check if Ethernet interrupt is called and if RX callback is called
    • If not, GPIOs are set to proper speed (very high)
    • and ETH global interrupt is enabled (only for FreeRTOS)
      • Interrupt priority should be 5 - preemption and 0 - subpriority. This is required by default FreeRTOS configuration.
  3. If Hardfault is called, the problem might be in MPU configuration
    • Please check carefully (e.g. slight mistake like having "256KB" instead "256B" can make big difference) 1 RX callback is called but ping still not work
    • check that the buffers are properly placed in linkerscript (the one ending with "_FLASH.ld")
    • in STM32CubeIDE you can use "Build analyzer" window
  4. When allocating buffers via pbuf_alloc (or similar), PBUF_RAM must be used as 3rd parameter. This is necessary to ensure that the allocated buffer is placed in D2 SRAM and synchronized with DMA
  5. Not sufficient stack size for different thread can cause issues.

Questions & Feedback

If you see any issue with these examples please fill an issue inside this repository. If you face some difficulties, but not sure if this is an issue you can start discussion inside this repository, or you can start thread on ST community

  1. Exact size required for different stacks might depend on used compiler and optimization flags. Same goes for FreeRTOS heap size, since thread stacks are allocated from this heap.

  2. Some addresses and sizes depend on the device or core used. Please refer to section Memory layout.

If you have any questions regarding Ethernet topics in general, please visit our MCU forum and create a thread. Doing so will provide you with a shorter response time. 



I'll try to get this working on a STM32H757i-Eval board without success. Is it possible to have a project or direction of what need to be modified to get this board running on LWIP with FreeRTOS on the M7 core ?


Associate III

@Adam BERLINGER - hey thanks for the article.

is it possible to provide a simple LWIP project without FREERTOS with the latest CubeMX (6.9.2)?

I can't find an LWIP project only for STM32H743 with the latest CubeMX... tried to generate one myself with google example but the LWIP UDP not working. 

see Wireshark:



pls help, I really want to use the most updated CubeMX.




Associate III

Hi there!

Following this awesome gude i configured the Ethernet port and the LWIP stack for a nucleo-H755 board project.

I added the MX_LWIP_Process() function into the M7 core main inifinite loop and I'm able to ping my board.

But if I add even a simple instruction into the infinite loop (like a couter) it results in an hard fault with an LWIP assertion message:

"Assertion "pc->custom_free_function != NULL" failed at line 767 in C:/Users/PF5766/Documents/REPO/NucleoH755ZI/H755lwipTest/Middlewares/Third_Party/LwIP/src/core/pbuf.c"

  /* Infinite loop */
  while (1)

    /* USER CODE BEGIN 3 */

	if((HAL_GetTick() - uiCnt) >= 200U)
		uiCnt = HAL_GetTick();

		HAL_GPIO_TogglePin(LD2_GPIO_Port, LD2_Pin);

	uiTimeOutCounter++;		// Causes Hard Fault!


  /* USER CODE END 3 */

Here the code causing the Hard fault: commenting the uiTimeOutCounter increase fix the problem... but why?

It seems a MPU configuration issue. It could be?

BTW, enabling the MPU in the .ioc file, seems generate 2 functions: MPU_Initialize(void) and MPU_Config(void).

But the first one (MPU_Initialize) is only declared and never defined (giving also a warning at compile time).


Any Idea?


Community manager
Community manager

Hello everyone. 

The comment section on this article will be locked.

As previously mentioned, if you have any questions please go ahead and create your own thread on our STM32 MCU forum (click here). 

You can refer to this knowledge base article in your post. 

Best regards,

Version history
Last update:
‎2023-12-07 05:46 AM
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